Ganglion Cysts

A round, fluid-filled, non-cancerous tissue mass known as a ganglion cyst is frequently found on tendons or joints. It usually affects the wrist or hand, although it can also happen to the ankle or foot.


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Ganglion cysts affect the wrist, ankle, and foot.  It is not clear exactly why some people develop ganglion cysts and others do not. These are usually painless, however some people may feel a loss of mobility, numbness, a tingling sensation or pain. In these cases, it needs to be removed. 

Ganglion cysts can be painful if they press a nerve in their path. They are usually benign and cause no long-term problems. If the cyst is on your foot or ankle, you may feel discomfort or pain, especially when walking or wearing shoes.

If the ganglion cyst causes discomfort or restricts your mobility, one option is to aspirate it. The cyst will be drained of fluid using a syringe during this treatment, but this carries a high risk of recurrence.

Surgical removal is the most effective option with least chances of the Ganglion cyst returning.During surgery the cyst and its stalk are both removed, while the surrounding nerves and vessels are protected. At the end there is usually a small scar overlaying the cyst. 

Procedure Details:

  • Expected Surgery Time: 1 hours
  • Done Under: Local Anaesthesia
  • Hospitalisation: day
  • Supporting Garment: Splint not required

Follow-Up Details:

  • Next Follow-up: 1 week after surgery
  • Return to light work: 1 - 2 days (or up to 2 weeks) after the procedure
  • Return to moderately heavy physical work: 1 - 2 weeks
  • Physiotherapy: Not usually needed

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Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Carpal tunnel syndrome affects one of the main nerves, the median nerve, in the hand and tendons. Rheumatoid arthritis, injury, fluid retention during pregnancy, overuse, or repetitive motions may all cause pressure to accumulate within the tunnel. This results in Carpal tunnel syndrome where the hand function starts to diminish. There may be numbness and pain in the hand.

Congenital Hand Conditions

When a child is born with an extra finger, too few fingers, joint fingers or a trigger finger, the condition is known as a congenital deformity. Congenital hand conditions can impair hand function and interfere with proper hand development. The majority of abnormalities can be treated at a relatively young age using surgical procedures.

Cubital Tunnel Syndrome

The cubital tunnel is a tube made of muscle, bone, and ligament at the elbow. Ulnar nerve is a nerve that supplies the little and ring finger and can sometimes get compressed in this tunnel leading to sporadic numbness, tingling, and discomfort. This is known as cubital tunnel syndrome.

Dupuytren’s Disease

A condition known as Dupuytren's Disease affects the skin and underlying tissue on the hand's palm side. Under the skin of the palm, thick tissue develops and may even reach the fingers, pushing them in toward the palm and limiting their range of motion. There is no known cure for this ailment, but there are effective ways, through surgery, to help your hand work better.

Flexor/Extensor Tendon Injury

Flexor tendons help in curling (Flexors) or straightening (Extensors) our fingers. They can be injured when forcefully the fingers are yanked away such as after an accident or while playing sports. They are also injured from cuts to the wrist, forearm, palm, or palm side of your fingers. When you have a chronic illness like rheumatoid arthritis, your muscles are weaker and more prone to tearing. This may also contribute to a flexor tendon injury.

Ganglion Cysts

A round, fluid-filled, non-cancerous tissue mass known as a ganglion cyst is frequently found on tendons or joints. It usually affects the wrist or hand, although it can also happen to the ankle or foot.

Hand Fractures

Broken bones in the hands are known as hand fractures, and they can be brought on by trauma, overuse, or other medical disorders. Pain, swelling, bruising, and trouble using the injured hand are all signs of a hand fracture.

Jersey Finger

When the flexor tendon, which is in charge of bending the finger, is torn, it can result in a finger injury known as a Jersey Finger. When the finger is abruptly forced to straighten, as could happen during a game, this kind of injury generally happens. Pain and swelling at the base of the afflicted finger, trouble bending the finger, and an obvious deformity are all signs of a jersey finger.

Mallet Finger

When the tip of the finger is struck or jammed, the tendon may rupture or pull away from the bone, which can result in the tendon being injured. A mallet finger presents with a bent or drooping fingertip, pain, inflammation, and trouble straightening the finger.

Thumb Base Surgery

Pain, swelling, a restricted range of motion, and trouble using the thumb are all signs of a condition near the base of the thumb. Other signs may include a thumb with , a grinding or clicking sound when the thumb is moved, and a visual deformity. Numerous illnesses, such as tendon injuries, arthritis, or joint instability, might result in these symptoms.

Trigger finger

A trigger finger occurs when the tendon controlling the bending of a finger, cannot move freely within the sheath that encloses it. This may happen if a little lump (nodule) occurs or if a portion of the tendon sheath swells.